- A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT
Chemistry activities and teaching took off immediately amongst other courses in Science, Arts and Engineering. At the beginning of 1999/2000 academic year a total of 20 students were admitted into then science Department. New departments soon emerged out of it .one such department was the department of Chemistry and Biochemistry programmes, led by coordinators. In2002/2003 the Industrial chemistry programme graduated its first pioneer graduate named Kevin, Ibe, with Velar, A.W.as the coordinator of the programme. The period between 2002to2004 witnessed an increased in students population. This catalyzed the creation of a full Department of Industrial Chemistry in 2004/2005 academic year with Ikueze .S.U. as acting HOD. While Verla A.W. was drafted to assist the Dean of Faculty of Science and Technology. With effect from the 2013/2014 session, the department changed its name to the dept of pure and Industrial Chemistry in line with the present
1. PHILOSOPY AND OBJECTIVES
Undergraduate studies in the Department of Industrial Chemistry seek to expose students to the broad area of theory and practice of the fundamental aspect of all branches of Chemistry. Modern Society requires an all round individual, as a result of increasing interdependency of the sciences. The department therefore aims to offer a thorough grounding in theoretical, experimental and operational aspects of Chemistry, as it relates to Chemical Industry. This will enable the country Nigeria and Africa to have anew breed of well trailed high- level manpower in the area of Chemistry and in the Industry. The use of modern analytical tools and their applications to the environment are equally emphasized. In a nutshell the Industrial Chemistry programme focuses on the search for and application of chemical knowledge to solving man's problems.
The objectives include but are not limited to the following:
i. Development of high caliber industrial chemists who will be equipped to man responsible industrial positions as well as self reliant ventures.
ii. Chemists who will probe into the vast natural resources of Nigeria in order to accumulate relevant Chemical data
Iii Chemists capable of pursuing postgraduate studies research in Chemistry.
iv. Chemists capable of collaborative efforts with other scientists in inter- disciplinary areas.
v. Chemists capable of utilizing Chemical knowledge and skill in the service of developing national economy and improving man's environment and his general well-being.
2. SCOPE OF PROGRAMME
Undergraduates in the department of Industrial Chemistry will take prescribe core courses which lay emphases on exposing students to fundamental areas of interest such as inorganic Chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry, environmental chemistry, food chemistry , pharmaceutical chemistry , natural product chemistry as relate to the chemical industry .How ever all these courses will not be offered by the department and therefore students are advised to cooperate with their academic advisers who will advise on interdisciplinary courses relevant to their areas of interest. Seminars and workshops may sometimes be organized by the department but the final year seminar is compulsory for all students.
During the study programme, students are expected to visit centers of chemical industries and write reports. They are expected to deliver their own seminar in the first semester of final year. Industrial Chemistry students are also required to participate in the students Industrial work Experience scheme (SIWES) for a period of six (6) months in a stretch as part of their academic programme. They are to submit and defend a type written comprehensive report to the departmental colloquium. The inclusion of research project which emphasizes the use of local raw materials as industrial feed stock will go a long way to achieve some of the objectives. It is hoped that students, general intellectual growth is properly taken into consideration to enable them go into society with a positive, responsible, and responsive attitude in line with Madonna University Philosophy of Decency in Education and Morals.
3. TYPE AND DURATION OF PROGRAMME
The Department of Industrial Chemistry offers a four year degree programme leading to the award of a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) Honours degree in Industrial Chemistry .However Direct Entry candidates with the required qualification may complete the programme within three years, i.e. they enter the programme at 200 levels. In line with the University policies, students who are unable to graduate after three years will be asked to withdraw from the programme.
4. ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Candidates seeking admission into Bachelor of Science in Industrial Programme, in addition to university requirements, are required to obtain credits in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics i.e. they are sitting in West African School Certificate Examination or its equivalent (GCE, SSCE, NECO).Biology, Mathematics and English. A pass grade in one of Physics or Biology may be accepted but such candidates will not be allowed to graduate unless they show proof of having obtained a credit in them sometimes Agric Science should replace biology but it must be at credit level.
5. DIRECT ENTRY ADIMISSION REQUIRMENT
(i) Chemistry, Physics at least with a grade above pass at the Advance Level (GCE), H.S.C (Principal level) in addition to their five credits at the ordinary level.
(ii) Teacher's grade 1 examination from any department to Industrial Chemistry must show proof of all entry requirements as required by the University. The students must be released and must be accepted into the programme with the consent of the HOD.
6 SERVICE COURSES
Students from other departments wishing to take courses in Chemistry must have credit in the WASC examination in chemistry or its equivalent and at least a pass in Mathematics in WASC or its equivalent.
7 JOB OPPORTUNITIES /CARRIER PROSPECTS
The successful graduate of Industrial Chemistry is adequately equipped to take up jobs that generally relate to vegetable oils, petroleum, soaps and detergents , paints , chloroalkali industry, vanishes, brewing, pharmaceutics and cosmetics, sugar, paper and pulp, textiles, fertilizer, ceramics, iron and steel industry ,coal, dyestuff and explosives just to mention but a few specifically, carrier Opportunities abound in the following areas.
1. INDUSTRIAL RAW MATERIAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
Nigeria and Africa have a lot of unexploited raw materials. This rich natural endowment still lacks the required man power research into hides and skin, natural fibers, new oil sources, gum, resins and others are lucrative areas. Problems associated with the proper exploitation and utilization of these resources are proposing to be a boast in our economy.
2. BUSINESS AND SELF EMPLOYMENT
Industrial Chemists can supply quality equipment and chemicals and can equally trade in finished chemical products. They are better equipped for business in such goods and services. More important is the fact that graduates are equipped with knowledge regarding self employment.
3. OIL AND GAS SECTOR
The application of Chemical knowledge and skill in this sector is not limited to laboratory work. Field work involving environmental impact assessment (EIA), Bio remediation studies and other areas like environmental management are increasingly in demand for Chemistry programme at Madonna University Okija, Elele Campus
4. FORENSIC STUDIES AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
The detection of criminals by use of chemicals as well as studies of such chemicals that cause harm to man and society not be complete without individuals who have undergone a rigorous study of Chemistry as Madonna graduates.
5. LAW AND POLITICS
It should be recalled that policy formation for the government requires scientists of all fields .Chemists by virtue of their training can adapt to any field. One such examples is the fact that the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria president yar' Adua is an Analytical Chemists, Chemists can find jobs even in politics.
OTHER AREAS INVOLVE
6. The Academic Teacher/Lecturers.
7. The Ministries, Of Environment, Education, Health and Agriculture
According to the University Senate Committee on Curriculum, curriculum Development at Madonna University is based on identified needs of student's environment and needs of the society and the system of values of all concerned. From these needs and values the objectives of the curriculum content, organized content gives rise to syllabus.
In drawing up curriculum for B.Sc Industrial Chemistry Programme offered at Madonna University, efforts were made to ensure that the requirements of the National Policy on Education, the Minimum Academic Standards as laid down by the NUC were considered
METHODS OF LECTURE DELIVERY IN THE DEPARTMENT
1. Lecturer: The department has down the years developed a novel pedagogic method of imparting knowledge. Here the lecture leads and guides students in formal and informal cooperative learning students may jot down as much as possible but notes may be given to students at the end of each topic.
2. Demonstration: The students are divided into groups and question and discussion are made along the development of lectures. The lecturer uses models or instruments to explain his points. This is mostly applicable in practical oriented work.
3. Discussion: This involves the totality of the students and lecturers the lecturer uses models or instruments to explain his points. This is mostly applicable in practical oriented work
4. Tutorial: There is closer intimacy between the students and the course lecturer. This is intended to deal with capacity to find out the extent of understanding about a given topic or concept. Questions are asked and students answer but the lecturer compliment the answers and expatiate further.
5. Seminar and work shop: Here the students are divided into panels and lecturer discuses the topic with contributions from the students. At the end panels come together to finalize the discussion by considering the highlighted points of the various panels
6. Field Work: This is in case where adequate laboratory is not available or situated far away from the immediate reach of students go on a day's visit to the industry along with their lecturer.
C FUNCTIONS OF ACADEMIC ADVISER
i. Mapping out programme for individual students
ii. Ensuring effective enrollment of students during registration periods.
iii. Checking of academic load of students with regard to the number of credit units to be carried per session
iv. Changing of courses of degree programmes
v. Making sure that the regulations of the Academic Departments and the University are duly observed by the students.
vi. Effective keeping of folders for students.
vii. Keeping regular office hours for students
viii. Interviewing their students at least once a semester
ix. Making a sectional academic appraisal on the work of each student.
X Consulting the Dean of student's affairs Office where students have any social or psychological problems to be solved.
H.O.D. AND ACADEMIC ADVICING
I Appointment of Advisers
Ii Ensuring that the Advisers do their work effectively.
Iii Meeting students and staff in order to explain departmental procedures, especially before registration.
Iv Receiving Adviser's recommendation and suggestions and considering other special cases referred by Advisers the type of recommendations to be checked include programmes for individual students, credit unit loads and changes of subjects or degree programme.
v. Promulgation of department and University regulations.
vi. Mapping out all departmental degree programmes, including the compulsory credit unit load required by the department.
Vii Maintaining the major files on the students and giving their staff access to such files. Also making sure that their staff access to such files. Also making sure that their Advisers get duplicates of academic records of students.
viii. Making inter – departmental arrangements which concern staff and students in their departments. Keeping the Deans and the Register in formed about what allocation of academic advisers they have made in respect of every student in the Department.
- Students Work
A student's work will be graded as follows on a five point scale
|70 100|| A||5.00|
|60 90|| B||4.00|
|50 59|| C||3.00|
|45 49|| D||2.00|
|40 44|| E||1.00|
|0 39|| F||0.00|
i. Continuous Assessment shall carry 30% weight of the marks to be awarded to any students in any course at the end of the semester. The continuous assessment shall comprise tests, quizzes, term papers and essays as may be approved by the Board of Examiners.
Ii The Minimum passing grade for all course including electives and general studies shall be' E'
Iii At any point in time, a students cumulative grade point average is obtained by multiplying the credit load of each course taken to date by the points appropriate to the letter grade obtained for the course (see i) adding for all courses and dividing by the total credit load of the courses and dividing by the total credit load of the courses. Where a course is used in the computations.
|4.50 5.00||1st Class Honours (Distinction)||Distinction |
|3.50 4.49||2nd Class Honours(Upper Division )||Credit|
|2.40 3.49||2nd Class Honour (Lower Division )||Merit|
|1.50 2.39||3nd Class Honour ||Pass|
|1.00 1.49|| Pass|| Pass |
iv Project and Seminar Grading System
| ||Contributions ||Score %|
|Ii||Department Appraisal|| 40|
It is compulsory that the supervisor be present during the assessment of his /her student.
D. The Stress Areas of the Programme and code Number
1 General? Theoretical Chemistry 0
2. Inorganic Chemistry 1
3 Organic Chemistry 2
4 Physical Chemistry 3
5 Analytical Chemistry 4
6 Chemical Process Technology 5
7 Seminar/ Workshop 6
8 Practical Chemistry 7
9 Research Project 8
10 Chemical Industry/ Environment 9
The course coding system guide
- ICH = Industrial Chemistry core courses
- CHM = Pure Chemistry core courses
- Each course code contains ICH or CHM plus three digits
- The first digit represents the level i.e. 100, 200 etc.
- The second digit represents the semester
- Third digit represents area in the discipline digits could be odd area of stress of course signifying first semester or even signifying second semester.
At a glance, one can tell the level the stress area and semester in which course is offered.
Thus CHM 111 shows a 100 level course in the stress area of inorganic Chemistry offered in the first semester of the session.
Course offered in the Programme
Course Code course Title Credit Load
GES 111 Use of English 3
GES 113 Nigerian Peoples and Culture 2
GES 117 Use of French 1 1
GES 112 History and Philosophy of Science 1
GES122 Moral Ethics 1
BIO 111 General Biology 11 2
CHM 111 CHM111 Basic Principles of Inorganic Chemistry 3
CHM 112 CHM 131 Basic principles of Physical Chemistry 2
CHM 113 CHM 171 Basic Practical Chemistry 1
MTH 111 Elementary Math 1 3
PHY 111 General Physics 1 2
STA 113 Introduction to Statistic 2
100 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Course Title Credit load
GES 111 Use of English 2
GES 113 Logic and Philosophy 1
GES 109 Fundamental Theology 2
Bio 122 General Biology 11 3
CHM 122 CHM 122 Basic Principles of Organics Chemistry 2
CHM 123 CHM 172 Basic Practical Chemistry11 1
PHY 123 CHM 127 Basic Practical Chemistry 1
PHY 123 General Physics 11 2
PHY 124 General Physical Labs 1
MTH 123 Elementary Math 11 3
MTH 122 Elementary Math 11 3
CSC 121 Introduction to Computer Science 2
200 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER
Course code course Title credit Load
CHM 211 CHM 231 Physical Chemistry 1 2
CHM 212 CHM 221 Organic Chemistry 1 2
CHM 217 CHM 271 General Practical Chemistry 1 3
PHY 211 Electro Magnetism and Atomic Physics 2
PHY 261 Atomic and Nuclear Physics 1 2
MTH 211 Mathematical Methods 1 3
GES 211 Introduction to Social Science 2
GES 219 Fundamental Theology 11 2
BCH 211 General Biochemistry 1 2
ICH 219 ICH 281 Introduction to Industrial Chemistry 2
CHM 227 CHM 284 Industrial Raw Materials and inventory 2
MCB 211 Introductory Microbiology 3
GEM 101 Elementary German 1 2
PHARM 241 Pharmacognosy 1 1
Course code Course Title Credit Load
CHM 233 CHM 242 Analytical Chemistry 1 2
CHM 222 CHM 222 Structure and Bonding 2
CHM 223 CHM 212 Inorganic Chemistry 11 2
CHM 299 CHM 272 General Chemistry Practical 1 2
PHY 225 Introduction to Electronics 2
MTH 221 Linear Algebra 11 2
BCH 221 General Biochemistry 11 2
STA 221 Statistics for Physical Science & Engineering 2
ICH 225 ICH 282 Chemistry Process Principle 1 2
ICH 227 ICH 284 Industrial Raw Material and Inventory 2
PHARM 341 Pharmacognosy 11 2
FST 314 Food Chemistry & Toxicology 2
Old New Course Title Credit Load Tutorials Practical
CHM 311 CHM 331 Physical Chemistry 11 2 2 0
CHM 312 CHM 311 Inorganic Chemistry 111 3 3 0
CHM 313 CHM 321 Organic Chemistry 111 3 3 0
CHM 314 CHM 301 Atomic & Molecular
Structure & Symmetry 2 2 0
CHM 316 ICH 323 Organometallic Chemistry 2 2 0
CHM 317 ICH 325 Chemistry of Natural Products2 2 0
CHM 317 CHM 371 General Chemistry Practical111 3 1 0
CHM 319 CHM 391 chemical industry/Environmental chemistry
2 2 0
ICH 318 ICH 315 chemical process technology 2 2 0
CHM 344 CHM 341 Instrumental methods of Analysis 2 2 0
ICH 328 CHM 333 Ind.Chem Process I 2 2 0
300L 2ND SEMESTER
Course Title Code Units
Industrial Attachement Siwes 6
N.B students must at least 2unit courses from the electives
Note that all year three second semester have been distributed to other semesters to enable students go for industrial training, and yet, complete the required credit load.
Old New course Title Credit Load Tutorial Practical
CHM 411 CHM 410 Theory of Molecular
Spectroscopy 2 2 0
CHM 412 CHM 411 Quantum Chemistry 2 2 0
CHM 413 CHM 433 Reaction Kinetics 2 2 0
CHM 414 CHM 431 Electro Chemistry 2 2 0
CHM 415 CHM 414 Analytical Chemistry I 2 2 0
CHM 416 ICH 401 Co-ordination Chemistry II 2 2 0
CHM 417 CHM 421 Organic Synthesis 2 2 0
CHM 418 CHM 412 Heterocyclic Chemistry 2 2 0
CHM 419 CHM 461 Seminar and research method 2 1 1
CHM 417 CHM 471 Practical Chemistry 2 0 3
PHARM 441 Pharmacognosy III 2
PHARM 523 Drug Development II 2
N/B: Students must take at least one (1) Elective to make a total of 20 units.
Old New Course Title Credit Load
CHM 421 CHM 482 polymer chemistry & Technology 2
CHM 422 CHM 426 Colour Chemistry & Tech 2
CHM 423 CHM 412 Inorganic Chemistry III 2
CHM 426 CHM 422 Organ metallic Chemistry 2
ICH 423 ICH 452 Industrial Chemical Tech II 2
ICH 427 ICH 454 Industrial Chemical process II 2
ICH 499 CHM 492 Research Project 6
CHM 481 Cement and Fertilizer Industry 1
CHM 484 paper and Pulp Industry 1
CHM 486 sugar and Fermentation industry 1
CHM 488 Oils, Fats, Detergents and
Chloral-Alkali industries 1
N/B: Students must offer/choose (1) Electives to make a total of 20 units.
COURSE DESCRIPTION OF CORE COURSES
CHM 111: Basic Principles of Inorganic Chemistry (2units)
Atomic structure and periodic table. Development of configuration of elements. Stoichiometry and mole concept. Electronic theory of atoms and valence. Chemical bonding. Formula and IUPAC basic nomenclature of compounds. Concept of matter, Laws of chemical combination by mass. Wave theory, principles of quantum mechanics. Periodic/table and periodicity of fundamental properties. Hydrogen. Nuclear Chemistry and Radioactivity and its Application. General study of groups to emphasize periodicity. Selected transition elements.
CHM 131 Basic Principles of Physical Chemistry (2units)
Structure of solid. Kinetic theory of gases and laws. Colligative properties of dilute solutions. Rout's law, Henry's law and molecular weight determination. Thermo chemistry and Hess's law. Chemical Equilibrium. Law of mass action, reaction rate and chemical energetic. Electrochemistry. Ionic equilibrium. Theory of acids bases and indicators. Catalysis. Ionics. Phase equilibrium, one and two component system. Enthalpy Entropy and free energy.
CHM 171: Basic Chemistry Practical I (2units)
The theory and practical of simple volumetric and qualitative analysis e.g., Acids-bases complex metric and redox titrations. Simple organic preparations, reaction of functional groups. Laboratory safety and techniques in the laboratory.
CHM 122: Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry (3units)
Historical survey of the development and importance of organic chemistry. IUPAC nomenclature and classification of organic compounds. Homologous series Elemental analysis and molecular formula, structural Isomerism Isolation and purification methods concept of functional group resonance and aromaticity. Electronic theory in organic chemistry (Brief) Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, cyclichydrocabons alcohols, alkyihalides, ethers, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, amines and aromatic compounds, comparison on phenols with alcohols,
CHM 172: Basic Practical Chemistry II (1Unit)
Pre- requisite: CHM 171
Qualitative analysis of inorganic salts. Physical determination e.g. boiling point. Inorganic preparations and enthalpy changes, etc.
CHM 221: Organic Chemistry II (2units)
Pre- requisite CHM (122)
Factors affecting structure and physical properties of organic compounds; factors availability of electrons at the reaction site, including theory of organic chemistry, orbital theory and hybridization classification of reagents and their reactions, Aromaticity, Stereochemistry, methane, energy of activation and free radical substitution reaction in alkanes. Functional group chemistry, various organic reactions e.g. addition, free radical, elimination reaction, etc.
CHM 231: Physical Chemistry II (2units)
Per-requisite CHM 131
Revision on the elementary properties of gases and derivation of the gaseous laws. Introduction to thermodynamics, explanation of terms relating to thermodynamics (system, boundary, state functions, path function adiabatic process etc). The first law of thermodynamic concept of work contribution in a chemical process, work of expansion and comparison by a gas. The heat contribution in a chemical reaction, the enthalpy function and heat capacity. The second law of thermodynamics concept of entropy, phase transition relationship between heat capacities and entropy etc. the free energy change in a chemical process (Cubb and Helmholtz), carnuf cycle. The various heat change associated with chemical process and chemical calculations. The third law of thermodynamic s and colligative properties of solutions.
CHM 271: General Chemistry Practical I (3units)
Per-requisite: CHM 171 and CHM 172
- Select experiments in physical chemistry in the area of thermo chemistry, chemical kinetics, phase equilibrium, colligative properties.
- Organic synthesis and characterization, (% yield, melting point, freezing point, solubility, formation of derivatives etc.) Characterization of given organic compounds using physical and chemical properties and reactions.
- Use of gravimetric analysis. Qualitative analysis of six radical in a mixture.
- Experiments from the environment and chemical industry.
ICH 281: Introduction to Industrial Chemistry
Chemical process industry major characterizations, of the chemical process industry. Scale of operations, major sectors and major chemical producing countries, transformation of precursor to end products, source and processing of industrial chemical. World major chemical industries. Introduction to chemical process calculations. Stoichiometry, material and energy balance fundamentals. Sources, types and utilization of energy by the chemical industry. Environmental and pollution control profile s of some major chemical industries.
CHM 242: Analytical Chemistry I (2units)
Introduction to theory of errors; Statistical treatment of data: theory of sampling. Chemical methods of analysis including volumetric, gravimetric and physicochemical methods, Optional methods of analysis; separation methods. Selected experiment from food, soil water and oil.
CHM 222: Structure and Bonding: (2units)
Idea of quantum states, orbitals, shape and energy. Simple valence theory, electron repulsion theory atomic spectra. Methods of determining molecular shape, bond lengths and angles. The structure and chemistry of some representative main group compounds.
CHM 212: Inorganic Chemistry II: (2units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 111
Chemistry of first row transition metals. Introduction to coordination chemistry including elementary treatment of crystal field theory, ionization potential, electron affinity and electro negativity comparative chemistry of the following elements:
- Ga, TI, (b) Ge, Sn, Ph, (c) As, Sb, Bi, (d) Se, Te,
Po and role of metals in biochemical systems.
ICH 225: Chemical Process Principles I (2units)
Pre-requisite: ICH 219
Material and energy balance calculation. Combustion calculations and fuel economy or relative volatility. Use of phase and chemical equilibrium data for process calculations. Application of materials and energy balance to unit operation and process. Concepts of stage and continuous contact processes recycle and bypass. Equilibrium and idea stage and stage efficiency. Corrosion and material of construction.
CHM 217: General Chemistry Practical II (2units)
Pre- requisite: CHM 171 and CHM 172
Preparation of organic compounds such as bromonitro benzene, dinitrotoluene etc and other related compounds including their purification, separation of colored compounds using chromatographic techniques e.g. paper and thin-layer chromatography; practice of solvent extraction techniques for liquids etc, preparation of double salt e.g. Ahem's, experiment drawn from foods, oil water and oil analysis.
CHM 331: Physical Chemistry III (2units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 231
Chemical kinetics. Chemical thermodynamics Law II and III of thermodynamics. Entropy conditions for equilibrium (Helmholtz and Gibb free energies). Relation between free energy and equilibrium constant. Phase equilibrium. Phase compounds and degree of freedom. Deduction of phase rule, application to one and two components systems. Nernst distribution Law, Clausius Clayperon equation. Troutons rule. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics properties of electrolyte.
CHM 311: Inorganic Chemistry III: (4units)
Pre- requisite: 212
The noble gases, Hydrogen. Electronic structure and general properties and comparative study of group 1A and group 11A elements. Chemistry of Boron; Carbon and Silicon; Nitrogen and phosphorus; Oxygen and sulphur. The Halogens Transition elements separation of metals. Coordination chemistry. Ligand and Crystal field theories. Introduction to Radiochemistry. Radioactivity and the periodic table.
CHM 321: Organic Chemistry III (3units)
Per- requisite: CHM 221
Carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Aldehydes and ketones. Carbanion and ketones. Carbanion, and B- unsaturated compounds, carbanion II. Amines; Aromatic and Alicyclic chemistry. Polyfunctional compounds. Heterocyclic chemistry.CHM 432
CHM 301: Atomic and molecular structure and symmetry (2units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 222
Schredinger equation. Helium atom. Ground and excited states, spin and Pauli principle. Hydrogen Molecule, Comparison of molecular orbital and water valence bond theory, concept of resonance, and configuration interaction. Coulson Fischer function. Molecular orbital for diatomic molecules. Simple pielectrom theory, Huckel theory. Walsh rules. Rotational Vibrational and Electronic Spectra. Applications for determining bond Saunders Coupling Orbital and spin angular momentum. Use of symmetry in chemistry.
CHM 315: Hydrocarbon Fuels: (2units)
Per-requisite: CHM 212
Petroleum in the contemporary energy scene, Nature, classification and composition of crude petroleum and natural gases. Distribution of petroleum and natural gas resources (the global and Nigerian situations). Petroleum technology survey of refinery products and processes. Coal structure and locations in Nigeria. The place of coal in the Nigerian economy. Coal drickating. Coal in other developed countries. Coal mining.
ICH 323: Organometalic Chemistry I: (2units)
Classification, Organometalic compounds. Preparation, structure and reactions including abnormal behavior of Organometalic compounds. Synthetic utility of Organometalic. Generation and detection of free-radical, free Organometalic compounds. Application and uses of Organometalic compounds.
ICH 325: Chemistry of Natural Products (2unit)
Classification structure and nomenclature of sugar, lipids and proteins and Antibiotics, flavonoids prostaglandins. General reactions. Preparations and reaction mechanisms. Configurations. Epimerization.
ICH 315: Chemical Technology I (2Units)
Basic principles of momentum, heat and mass transfer, momentum transfer flow of fluids, pressure drop and friction coefficient flow and pressure measurement. Heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, film coefficients, types of heat exchanger, condensation and flux balance calculation. Simultaneous heat and mass transfer operations, drying, humidification, evaporation and crystallization.
CHM 371: General Chemistry Practical II (2units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 171 and CHM 271
- Application of methods of analysis of ores, alloys. Separation of irons by ion-exchange chromatography. Solvents extraction by use of soxhlet extractor. Application and use of separator funnels.
- Selected experiments in physical chemistry from electrochemistry. Reaction kinetics, phase equilibria, calorimetry, colourimetry, molecular refractivity.
400 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER
CHM 410: Co-ordination Chemistry: (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 301
Definition, Recognition and application of co-ordination compounds. Nomenclature, c0-ordination formula and isomerism in complexes. Stereochemistry of complex molecules. Theories of structure and bonding. Physical methods of structural investigation. Magnetic properties. Absorption and vibrational spectra. The spectrochemical series. The Nephelauxetic series. The Nephelauxetic series and the John-Teller distortions. Stabilization of unusual oxidation states by complex formation. Thermodynamics stability of complex compounds, the stability constant, the chelete effect. Preparation and reaction of complexes.
CHM 410: Theory of Molecular Spectroscopy (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 322, 310, 326
Quantum theory of rotation and vibration. Theory of microwave, IR, Raman, U.V.M. Visible and N.M.R. spectroscopy, general introduction to electron spin resonance, Mossbquer effect, nuclear quadrupole. Resonance and other modern techniques. The determination and elucidation of structures of organic compounds.
CHM 411: Quantum Chemistry: (2 Units)
Pre-requisite CHM 231 and CHM 331
Postulates of Quantum mechanics; operators; angular momentum, solution of the hydrogen atom problem. Theory of atomic spectra. Self-consistent field theory. Computational aspects. Perturbation variation methods. Group theory.
CHM 432 Heterocyclic Chemistry (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 321
The synthetic and mechanistic aspects of fused heterocyclic system-particularly quinolines, Isoquinolines, Benzofurans, Benzothiophenes, Indoles, Benzopyrulium, salts, Coumarins Chromones pyrole, pyridine. Application of heterocyclic systems in drug synthesis such as Isatin and derivations.
CHM 412 Organic Syntheses (2 Units)
Pre-requisite : CHM 321
Critical review of important reaction regents, methods including the mechanisms. Applications to synthesis of important and complex organic compounds. Industrial applications.
CHM 431: Electrochemistry and electro technology (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 131
Electrical double layer, potential at zero polarized and non-polarized interface, mass transport. Transport number concentration polarization, fick Laws, Levic equation. Electrodics. Industrial application. Faraday's law.
CHM 413: Reaction Kinetics and Photochemistry (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 331
Review of first, second and third order rate equations. Rate constants and equilibriums constants. Collision theory, transition state theory, co-ordinates. Unimolecular reaction theory, bimolecular reaction mechanisms; chain reaction mechanisms; catalysis and heterogenous reaction. Photochemical reactions and mechanisms and applications.
CHM 414: Analytical Chemistry II: (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 242
Theory of error. Data handling. Potentionmetric and PH methods. Conduction-metric methods. Electrolytic methods. Radiochemical methods. Chromatography. Food, soil water and oil analysis. Modern analytical methods.
CHM 461: Seminar
Students will be taught basic research methods and they are to apply these on a choosen topic and under a supervisor will deliver a seminar at the department.
CHM 471: General Practical Chemistry III (2 Units)
Students are to synthesis (and samples synthesized tested and scored by senior lecturers of the department). One of the following: Soap, detergents, perfumes, paper gum, (adhesive) or any product of their choice, such as body cream, hair oil, shampoo, polish, vanish, etc. they are to submit the write up showing the methods raw materials, the cost of production and possible selling price, gain and an advert.
CHM 492: Research methods (2 Units)
CHM 481 Cement and fertilizer industry
400 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER
CHM 412: Inorganic Chemistry III: (2 Units)
Classification and general characteristics of non- aqueous solvents, solute-solvent interaction. Protonic solvents. Oxyhalide solvents. Liquids halide. Dinitrogen tetroxide, sulphur dioxide. Applications and uses.
Chemistry of lanthanides and actinides elements. Position and the elements in the periodic table. Physical and chemical properties, comparison of the two series. Uses of these elements, Abundances in nature.
CHM 422: Organometallic Chemical II: (2 Units)
Pre-requiste: CHM 323
Introduction to Organometallic compounds of the transition elements. Classification of ligands, electron rule, bonding, preparation of organo-trasition metal compounds. Reaction and structures of organometallic compounds of transition element. The organic chemistry of Ferrocene and related compounds. The role of orgnometallic compounds in some
CHM 482: Polymer Chemistry and technology: (2 Units)
Polymerization mechanisms; details treatment of addition polymerization. Sterospecific polymerization. Copolymerization. Phase systems for polymerization industrially important thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers: polyurethanes. Rubber elasticity. Mechanism properties of polymers. Analysis and testing of polymers. Analysis and testing of polymers. Degradation of polymers. Large scale industrial polymerization process. Polymer tech. polymer processing; injection, extrusion, compression and transfer moulding of thermoplastics, polymer additive. Polymeric surface coating and adhesive.
CHM 426: Colour Chemistry and Technology II: (2 Units)
Colour and constitution. Properties of dyes and pigments. Classification of dyes and fibres. The chemistry and theory of dyeing Chemistry and application of reactive dyes. Preparation and dyeing of man-made and natural fibres. Dyeing machineries. Printing colouring matters for food, drugs and cosmetics. Dye uses in particular paper industry and Colour photography. Quality control procedures and colouration industry. Colour fastneness.
CHM 452: Industrial Chemical Technology II: (2 Units)
Hydrogen and carbon monoxide synthesis, gas oxoprocess, water, gas, source of hydrogen and its application. Industrial organic materials, Raw materials, technical and economic principles and processes and product routes. Flow diagrams, Chemical reactor theory, main types of reactors design and their field applications. Interpretation of batch reactor data. Introduction to reactor design. Single ideal reactor, multiple reactor design. Introduction to heterogeneous reactor design. Fluidized reactor, Principles and similarities in scale up methods, diffusion in solid and interphase mass transfer.
CHM 454: Industrial Chemical Processes II: (2 Units)
Pre-requisite: CHM 315
Chemical processing of minerals. Metallurgy and hydrometallurgical processes Industrial electrochemistry. Manufacturer of some heavy inorganic chemicals. Cement and binding materials. Inorganic fertilizers.
CHM 492: Research project (6 Units)
Refer to project guidelines.