DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY
PHILOSOPHY, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE DEGREE PROGRAMME
The programme is designed to provide a solid foundation for thorough instruction in the traditional quadrivium of Philosophy viz: Epistemology and Metaphysics, History of Philosophy, Logic and Values, including Ethics and Aesthetics, Social and Political Philosophy.
Aims and Objectives:
The aims and objectives of the programme agree with those set out in the preamble to Arts course. The programme is also to achieve the following:
a) To de-emphasize abstraction and system building in the programme and seek instead to bridge in the academic/professional philosophy and social practice in Nigeria specially and Africa as a whole.
b) To seek to discover and/or create and establish the specially African contribution to global philosophy and to other philosophies thereby showcasing the universality of philosophy.
c) To take cognizance of the existence of other "philosophies" and introduce the student to them e.g. oriental philosophy.
d) To provide courses which would be of interest to other departments and disciplines, as a way of encouraging an inter-disciplinary approach to the study of philosophy and of recognizing the wide-ranging nature of the subject.
e) To provide a solid foundation in philosophy for those who want to do professional/academic philosophy.
f) To provide a thorough instruction in the traditional quadrivium of philosophy, viz: Epistemology and Metaphysics, History of Philosophy, Logic and Values, including Ethics and Aesthetics, Social and Political Philosophy.
ADMISSION AND GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS:
a) University Matriculation Examination (UME): 4-Year Degree Programme:
The Senior Secondary School (SSS) Certificate with Credits in English Language and four(4) other relevant subjects. A pass in Mathematics at SSS O/L or its equivalent is an advantage. The Senior Secondary School (SSS) Certificate should give a clear indication of equivalents with West African School Certificate (WASC) or the General Certificate of Education (GCE) Ordinary Level and the National Examination Council (NECO). In addition to this, an acceptable score at the Joint Matriculation Examination (JME) is required.
b) Direct Entry (DE): 3-Year Degree Programme
A minimum of two(2) GCE A/L in any Arts or Social and Management Sciences and three(3) O/L papers including pass in Mathematics or a Diploma in Law or Social and Management Sciences. Candidates with National Diploma (N.D.) or National Certificate of Education (NCE) certificates may be admitted into the Direct Entry programme.
Students can seek for transfer into the Department of Philosophy from relevant courses in Madonna University. Such students must have basic admission requirements and must have completed at least one academic session in the respective department and must have Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of a minimum of 2.0.
Requirements for graduation are as stipulated by Senate of Madonna University. The degree programme in Philosophy shall be based on the prescribed courses throughout the four(4) or three(3) year duration as the case may be.
The Madonna University Programme in Philosophy is so designed as the equip the graduates well enough to serve as administrators and teachers as all levels of post primary institutions, welfare and community officers, analysts, military, security and intelligent officers; career advisers as well as public relations and cultural officers.
Every student is required to register for an approved combination of courses with a minimum of 15 units and a maximum of 24 units per a semester making a minimum of 120 and 90 units for UME and DE respectively, for the programme.
Course delivery is by lecture and tutorial. The various techniques for evaluation include quizzes, term papers, assignments (continuous assessment C.A) and end of semester examinations. The end of semester examination has 70% and continuous assessment has 30%. Final year students are required to defend their projects in the presence of an external examiner appointed by the university.
A letter grade and a numerical point shall be awarded to each student based on total scores on all the evaluation criteria. The final marks a student may score, the corresponding letter grades and the numerical points are clearly indicated as shown below:
|Marks (%)||Letter Grade||Grade Point|
The class of degree to be awarded is dependent upon the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) which is obtained by computing the grades in all the courses for the semester. Where a student repeats the same course or its substitute, once or more before passing it, grades scored at each and all attempts shall be included in the computation of the Grade Point Average (GPA). Classes of degree to be awarded depend on the CGPA obtained.
CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREES:
Degrees offered by the university are classified based on the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) obtained by the student. The details are presented below:
Class of Degree Cumulative Grade
First Class 4.50 5.00
Second Class (Upper Division: 2:1) 3.50 4.49
Second Class (Lower Division: 2:2) 2.40 3.49
Third Class 1.50 2.39
Fail 1.49 0
If a student's CGPA is below 1.00 at the end of a particular year of study, such student earns a period of probation for one academic session.
REPEATING FAILED COURSE(S) AND WITHDRAWAL:
i) Subject to the conditions for withdrawal and probation, a student may be allowed to repeat failed course(s) at the next available opportunity, provided that the total number of credit units carried during that semester does not exceed 24, and the Grade Point (GP) earned at all attempts shall count towards the CGPA.
ii) A candidate whose Cumulative Grade Point Average is below 1.00 at the end of a particular period of probation shall be require to withdraw from the programme.
COMPUTATION OF GPA AND CGPA
To determine the quality points (QPs) obtained in each course, the credit units (CUs) assigned to courses are multiplied by the grade points (GPs) earned by the student in the course. For instance, PHIL 111 has 2 units; if a student scored 75% which is 5 points, the quality points is 2 x 5 = 10.
Grade Point Average (GPA) is obtained by dividing the quality point earned in a given semester by the credit units registered for the semester. For instance, if a student measured 68 quality points in a semester that has 16 credit units, the GPA is 68 ÷16 = 4.25
COURSE CONTENT AND DESCRIPTION
The degree programme in this department will be based on the following courses throughout the four (4) years of study:
YEAR ONE (100 LEVEL COURSES)
S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE CREDIT UNITS
1. PHL 111 Introduction to Philosophy 2
2. PHL 112 Early Greek Philosophy 2
3. PHL 113 Introduction to Ethics I 2
4. GES 111 Communication in English I 2
5. GST 121 Use of Library, Study Skills and
Information Technology (ICT) 2
6. GES 112 History and Philosophy of Science 2
7. GES 113 Nigeria Peoples & Culture 2
8. GES 115 Philosophy and Logic 2
9. GES 117 Communication in French Language I 2
10. GES 109 Fundamental Philosophy 1
11. GER 111 German Language 1
Required Ancillary Courses
12. CSC 111 Computer Science I 2
13. LAW 111 Nigerian Legal System 2
1. PHL 121 Introduction to Ethics II 3
2. PHL 122 Introduction to Social & Political Philosophy 3
3. PHL 123 Late Greek Philosophy 3
4. GES 121 Use of English II 2
5. GES 127 French Language II 2
6. GES 125 Entrepreneurship Studies I 2
7. GES 114 Introduction to Social Sciences 1
Required Ancillary Courses
8. PSY 111 Introduction to Psychology 2
9. CSC 121 Computer Appreciation 2
YEAR TWO (200 LEVEL COURSES)
S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE CREDIT UNIT
1. PHL 211 Introduction to Logic 3
2. PHL 212 Medieval Philosophy 3
3. PHL 213 Epistemology I 3
4. PHL 214 History of Scholastic Philosophy 3
5. GES 215 Entrepreneurship Studies II 2
6. GES 209 Fundamental Theology 1
Required Ancillary Courses
7. ECO 101 Elements of Economics 2
8. SOC 111 Introduction to Sociology 2
1. PHL 221 Metaphysics I 3
2. PHL 222 African Philosophy I 3
3. PHL 223 Professional Ethics 3
4. PHL224 Symbolic Logic (Pre-requisite: PHLL 211) 3
5. PHL 225 Epistemology II (Pre-requisite: PHL 213) 3 General Courses
6. GES 225 Peace Studies & Conflict Resolution 2
YEAR THREE (300 LEVEL COURSE)
S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE CREDIT UNIT
1. PHL 311 Arab and Jewish Philosophy 2
2. PHL 312 African Philosophy II(Pre-requisite PHIL 222) 2
3. PHL 313 Igbo Metaphysics 2
4. PHL 314 Early Modern Philosophy 2
5. PHL 315 Philosophy of Language 2
6. PHL 316 Philosophy of Religion 2
7. PHL 317 Asian/Oriental Philosophies 2
8. PHL 318 Philosophy of Nature 2
9. PHL 319 Introduction to Philosophical Anthropology 2
1. PHL 321 Research Methodology 2
2. PHL 322 Late Modem Philosophy 2
3. PHL 323 Political and Social Philosophy 2
4. PHL 324 Contemporary Issues in Ethics 2
5. PHL 325 Philosophy of Social Sciences 2
6. PHL 326 Existentialism and Phenomenology 2
7. PHL 327 Marxist Philosophy 2
8. PHL 328 Metaphysics II 2
9. PHL 329 Theodicy 1
10. GES 309 Fundamental Ethics 1 Total 18
YEAR FOUR (400 LEVEL COURSE)
S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE CREDIT UNIT
1. PHL 411 Further Logic (Pre-requisites: PHL 211 and 224 ) 3
2. PHL 412 Philosophy of Science 3
3. PHL 413 Classics in Ethics 3
4. PHL 414 Contemporary African Philosophy 3
5. PHL 415 Hermeneutical Currents 3
6. PHL 416 Seminar 3
1. PHL 421 African Origin of Philosophical Antiquity 3
2. PHL 422 Philosophy of Mind 3
3. PHL 423 Project/Long Essay 6
4. PHL 424 Contemporary Analytic Philosophy 3
5. PHL425 Philosophy of Law 3
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (SYNOPSES)
PHL 111: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS
A general introduction to the notions, language, style and method of Philosophy. Philosophy and related fields - Science, Arts and Religion. A brief survey of the main branches of philosophy: viz: Epistemology. Metaphysics, Ethics, Logic, Philosophy of Religion, and Social and Political Philosophy.
PHL 112: EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS.
The beginnings of Western Philosophy from the Pre-Socratics to Roman times. Special attention to their cosmology, epistemology and ethics. The rise of Greek Civilization and the contexts of philosophy. The Milesian school: Thales. Anaximander, Anaximenes; Pythagoras, the Atomists, Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Anaxagoras.
PHL 113: INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS I: 2 CREDITS
Some of the fundamental principles of Ethics, a brief introduction the major ethical theories. Definition of good. The nature of right and wrong; principles of justice and conscience. Knowing the good and doing the good.
PHL 121: INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS II: 3 CREDITS
A continuation of PHIL 113. More detailed discussions on some of the issues raised in PHL 113.
PHL 122: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY: 3 CREDITS
The State and the citizen. The nature of man and the origins of the state. The nature of political obligation. The ideal state.
PHL 123: LATE GREEK PHILOSOPHY: 3 CREDITS
Socrates, the development of Plato's Theory of Forms, political theory (Utopia), theory of immortality and theory of knowledge. Aristotle's Metaphysics, Politics, Logic, and Ethics. The Sophists, Skepticism; Epicureanism.
PHL 211: INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC: 3 CREDITS
A general introduction to Logic, with emphasis on clarity of thought and expression. Arguments: premises as providing reasons for conclusions. Formal and informal fallacies. Deduction and Induction as processes of reasoning. Analysis and testing of arguments for validity. Venn diagrams.
PHL 212: MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY: 3 CREDITS
A study of the philosophical thought of the Middle Ages, with special attention to the key figures of this era from St. Augustine to Williams of Ockham. The influence of the Church on philosophical thought and vice-versa during this period.
PHL 213: EPISTEMOLOGY I: 3 CREDITS
Types, sources, scope and justification of human knowledge; relation of knowledge to belief and truth; skepticism. A study of the major schools of thought, such as Empiricism. Rationalism and Pragmatism.
PHL 214: HISTORY OF SCHOLASTIC PHILOSOPHY: 3 CREDITS
The state of philosophy between the 11th and the 12th century. Translations and the 12th century Renaissance. Universities and Scholasticism.. Origins of universities. Universities and the assimilation of Greek philosophy. Early and Middle 13th Century thinkers. William of Ockham, the early Franciscans, Albert the Great, Roger Bacon, St. Bonaventure and St Thomas Aquinas. Master Eckhast, John Duns Scotus.
PHL 221: INTRODUCTION TO METAPHYSICS: 3 CREDITS
An outline of the major concerns and scope of metaphysics. A treatment of some traditional metaphysical problems such as the mind body problem; appearance and reality; universal and particulars; act and potency. The differences between scientific and metaphysical explanations.
PHL 222: AFRICAN PHYLOSOPHY I: 3 CREDITS
The course will enter into the current discussion on whether there is such a thing as African Philosophy what it is, and how it is done. The initial ground-clearing will be followed by a study of some philosophical notions among Africans; for example, the concepts of time, person, fate and destiny, Igbo Metaphysics as an articulation of African Philosophy.
PHL 223: PROFESSIONAL/SPECIAL EHTICS: 3 CREDITS
This course seeks to apply the principles and methods learned in PHL113 and 121 to various professions which present moral/ethical problems to their practitioners. It is a practical oriented course which takes in medical ethics, business ethics, engineering ethics, accounting ethics, confidentiality and so on. It further discusses ethical issues in contemporary life such as Abortion; Euthanasia, Genetic manipulations, suicide, capital punishment, war and Nuclear weapons. Pre-requisite: PHL121
PHL 224: SYMBOLIC LOGIC: 3 CREDITS
An introduction to the tools and techniques of formal logic, dealing mainly with propositional and first order quantificational logic. The emphasis will be on formal tests for validity of arguments. Pre-requisite PHL211.
PHL 225:EPISTEMOLOGY 11 (THEORIES OF KNOWLEDGE): 2 CREDITS
A detailed study of selected areas, topics or figures in Epistemology, such as the continental Rationalists (Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza); British Empiricists (Locke, Hume, and Berkeley) and recent contribution to the theory of knowledge.
PHL 311: ARAB AND JEWISH PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS
The translation and development of early Greek philosophy among the Arabs. The philosophies of Alkiadi and Alvarabi, Avicenna and Averoes. Jewish philosophy – Solomon Ibn Gabriel and Moses Maimonides. Jewish Movement of translation, Shemtoh Ben, Joseph Ibn Falgera, Philosophy of Cabala.
PHL 312: AFRICAN PHILOSOPHY 11: 2 CREDITS
A continuation of PHIL 222, this course seeks to further develop and deepen our understanding of some issues of philosophical interest in the African life experience. The topics will range from metaphysical to social and political issues. Emphasis will be placed on the articulation of points of view peculiar to the African which at the same time will contribute to a fuller knowledge of man. Pre-requisite: PHIL 222.
PHL 313: IGBO METAPHYSICS: 2 CREDITS
An in-depth study of Igbo Metaphysics as a foundation for African theology. The phenomenon of sacrifice in Igbo cosmo-ontology should be looked into. Other ingredients of Igbo Metaphysics such as Ofo, Anunebe, Trajectory objects are explicated. Examination of vital forces/Energies as understood by Igbo is inescapably imperative. Reality of mystical powers.
PHL 314: EARLY MODERN PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS
A historical survey of the contributions of the major figures in Western philosophy from seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries.
PHL 315: PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE: 2 CREDITS
Contemporary issues in the philosophy of language, including private language, meaning and reference, naming and necessity, theories of description and indexical reference, and the language of thought. Emphasis will be placed on isolating and clarifying the problems, and attempting solutions to them.
PHL 316: PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION: 2 CREDITS
A critical study of the religious phenomenon as manifested in human experience; the existence and nature of God; natural versus revealed religion; the problems of evil. Atheism and Agnosticism.
PHL 317: ORIENTAL/ASIAN PHILOSOPHIES: 2 CREDITS
A broad introduction to the methods and insights of Buddhist, Hindu, and Confucian philosophies, including their world views, ethics and logic. Comparison between Asian and Western philosophies. Asian and African thought; similarities and differences.
PHL318: PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE: 2 CREDITS
Aristotle's idea of matter and form; motion and change, nature, time, place, and causes of motion. The Neo-Thomistic concept of impetus, modern ideas of matter, mass, energy, and particles.
PHL 319: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHICAL ANTHROPOLOGY: 2 CREDITS
This course deals with the importance and problems of philosophical Anthropology found within the domains of use of Language, Art, culture and inventions
PHL321: RESEACH METHODOLOGY: 2 CREDITS
The use of a library and bibliographies. Primary and Secondary sources. The format for writing a term paper and seminar papers.
PHL 322: LATE MODERN PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS
A study of Post-Kantian influences on the philosophies of Merleau-ponty, Heidegger, Husserl and Sartre.
PHL323: POLITICAL AND SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS
A study of the major themes and/ or figure in the history of political and social thought covering specific periods. Efforts will be made to relate these themes to contemporary concerns in the African continent. Emphasis will be on Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau.
PHL 324: CONTEMNPORARY ISSUES IN ETHICS: 2 CREDITS
Topics in current moral debates of particular relevance and interest to Africa and Nigeria, e.g. technology transfer, capital punishment etc, will be selected by the lecturer. Such topics will be studied in the light of standard ethical theories or where these are deficient new guiding principles formulated.
PHL 325: PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SIENCES: 3 CREDITS
A philosophical inquiry into the methodology of the social sciences and the problems encountered in the disciplines concerned with man and society. Topics to be discussed will include the meaning of causation, the problem of induction; the use and abuse of statistics and the places of ideological models in social studies.
PHL 326: EXISTENTIALISM AND PHENOMENOLOGY: 2 CREDITS
An introductory study of some main themes in Existentialism and Phenomenology. Major authors to be studied will include Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre, Heidegger, and Buber. The themes will include the meaning of life, the individual (or self) versus society; the existence or non-existence of God; freedom and choice.
PHL327: MARXIST PHILOSOPHY: 2 CREDITS
A study of selected works of Karl Marx, with particular attention to their development and influences on the world especially the third world countries.
PHL 328: METAPHYSICS II: 2 CREDITS
Detailed discussion of the theories of major metaphysicians
PHL 329: THEODICY: 1 CREDIT
A philosophical study of reality of God and other spiritual beings.
PHL 411: FURTHER LOGIC: 3 CREDITS
A continuation of PHIL 224. This course will cover the theory of quantification. The logic of identity; definite description; the logic of relations. Pre-requisites: PHL 211 and 224.
PHL 412: PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: 3 CREDITS
Philosophical investigation of the nature of scientific knowledge with examples from the physical sciences. The nature of scientific truth; hypotheses, theories and scientific laws; paradigms in scientific discoveries and scientific revolutions; the experimental procedure; induction and probability.
PHL 414: CONTEMPORARY AFRICAN PHILOSOPHY: 3 CREDITS
A comprehensive study of the socio-political philosophies of African nationalists: e.g Nkrumah, Azikiwe. Nyerere, Senghor, Awolowo, etc. Besides, a study of the philosophical leanings of the professional philosophers, e.g Wiredu, Anyanwu, Shodipo, etc. shall be conducted.
PHL415: HERMENEUTICS: 3 CREDITS
Origin of the current Theophilus Okere's Critique of Ethno-philosophy. Philosophy as Hermeneutics: P. Ricoeur, M Heidegger, H.G. Gadamer, Philosophy and non-philosophy: Hegel, Kant; etc. From Nkombe Kingongo, Okolo, Okonda and Screqueberhan, K.C. Anyanwu, Ornoregbe.
PHL416: SEMINAR: 3 CREDITS
The Seminar may be done in small groups or individuals. Each seminar will involve an intensive study and a colloquium on selected problems, issues of interest, notable works or periods as approved by the department. It is expected that at the end, the student will be able to choose an appropriate topic for his/her project.
PHL 421: AFRICAN ORGIN OF PHILOSOPHICAL ANTIQUITY: 3 CREDITS
The course attempts to resurrect and re-emphasize the condition and relevance of Africa in the development of Philosophy and knowledge. An exposition of the teachings of the Egyptian mystery school and a critical look at the works of Onyenwenyi shall be carried out. The course generally tries to revive the spirit and philosophy of Afrocentricism.
PHL 422: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND: 3 CREDITS
An inquiry into the problems of mind and consciousness. The course will investigate such topics as the relation between mental phenomena and the physical world; our knowledge of other minds; the mentalists and physicalist controversies. Additional topics will include Brentano's theory of internationality and Husserl's Phenomenology.
PHL423: PROJECT/LONG ESSAY: 6 CREDITS
The long essay will involve an independent and original research project in an approved area of the discipline. The topic of the Long Essay must have received the approval of the Department and the length style and format of the essay must conform to standards set by the department and Faculty.
PHL 424: CONTEMPORARY ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY: 3 CREDITS
20th Century analytic philosophy. Attention will be focused on one or more of the more influential figures or issues in this tradition, including Wittgenstein, Frege, Russell and Quine, Moore, Logical Positivism-Rudolf Carnap, A.J. Ayer, Alfred Tarski and Karl Popper,.
PHL 425: PHILOSOPHY OF LAW: 3 CREDITS
Philosophical views concerning the nature of and the basis for legal norms and institutions. Philosophical investigation of views of punishment and justice in the law. The logic of legal reasoning. Legal responsibility. Legal rights and obligations of persons, judicial precedence.
GES 109: FUNDAMENTAL PHILOSOPHY: 1 CREDIT
The basic themes of Philosophy reflect the cultural predispositions for an assent to truth, the essence of being. Existence and history. Thus an attempt at definition of philosophy, philosophy of the sciences, philosophy of value, theories of truth and general meneistics pave the way for and understanding of philosophy as systematic (system as well ordered whole; systemic as system theories about self organization in nature and science), which by all interest for the categorical (finite, temporal) realities, is open-ended for the absolute Difference. Thus Fundamental Philosophy can only be possible with the backdrop of meneistics and hermenteutic; without meneistics a philosophical contention might remain elusive, without hermeneutic a syntactic exercise in futility.
GER 111: GERMAN: 1 CREDIT
Course Objective: Only a two semester course; it is meant as an introduction to German as a new foreign language for beginners. Through this course the student ought to be able to identify German as a new foreign language for beginners. Through this course the student ought to be able to identify German optically in the written form and auditively in the spoken form from all other languages. He/she is to be equipped to speak and express him/herself in German in the commonest circumstances of everyday life. Thus he/she is to be acquainted with basic situations for a simple dialogue, but must also be familiar with basic syntax and grammatical rules for further progress in the given language, especially for apprehension and appreciation of simple literary texts
GES 209: FUNDAMENTAL THEOLOGY: 1 CREDIT
Fundamental Theology discusses the basic themes to Christian knowledge about God as public discourse, thus not in the form of a catechism of apologetics. Basic truths of Christian faith in open disposition to the world. This leads from Classical Apologetics through Vat 11 to Fundamental. Theology. Classical Apologetics by the Fathers of the Church remained cases of defensor fidei that is to say, in confrontational language to other systems of meaning within history, to recalcitrant powers persecuting the Church etc. Fundamental Theology does not remain merely on the defensive or on the offensive in the face of the European Project of Enlightenment. Faith and reason need to understand each other, like in Anselm's earlier project of fides quarens intellectu.
GES 115: PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC: 2 CREDITS
A brief survey of the main branches of Philosophy, Symbolic Logic, Special symbols in Symbolic Logic – conjunction, negation, disjunction, equivalence and conditional statements, Laws of Thought. The method of deduction using rules of inference and quantification theory. Types of discourses, nature of arguments, validity and soundness, etc. Techniques for evaluating arguments, distinction between inductive and deductive inferences, etc. Illustrations will be taken from familiar texts, including literature materials, novels, law reports and newspaper publications.
GES 112: HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: 2 CREDITS
Man his origin and nature, Man and his cosmic environment, Scientific methodology, Science and technology in the society and service of man. Renewable and non-renewable resources; man and his energy resources. Environmental effects of chemical plastics, textiles, wastes and other materials, chemical and non-chemical hazards. Introduction to the various areas of science and technology. Elements of environmental studies.